Whether working on commission for the French or International press or on his personal projects, Michael Zumsteinâ€™s photographic work follows an heritage of photojournalism and objective observation, which allows him to honestly render situations and to go beyond stereotypes.
While following the conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Ivory Coast, and Sudan, he chooses to focus his photography on the Â« ambiguous relations between Africa and the West Â».
Crisis in Central African Republic - part III (2014)
Central African Republic is currently going through the most acute security and humanitarian crisis of its history since its independence in 1960. The country is facing a wave of murders, forced exodus and unprecedented lootings. War crimes are everywhere. And the ethnic cleansing against the Muslim community is radical.
Three months after the beginning of the French military operation â€śSangarisâ€ť, wished and welcomed by a huge majority of Central Africans and with a strong legitimacy on the international scene, the picture is grim.
If, in the end, foreign troops â€“ from Sangaris, the African Union, the European Union and soon the UN â€“ succeed to restore security in the country,...
Crisis in Central African Republic - part II (2014)
On the 5th of December 2013, Christian anti-Balaka militiamen came to Bangui to take control over the capital and overthrow transitional President Michel Djotodia, who had come to power in March 2013, after the Seleka's military coup. This attack, and the harsh repression of the Seleka soldiers, predominantly Muslim, against civilians, plunged the country into fear, starting a vicious circle of inter-community violence.
During the month of December, the gap grew wider between those who claim to â€śhave been living well together, beforeâ€ť.
Day after day, rumours exaggerate the exactions from both camps, urging both Christian and Muslim extremists to looting, revenge and reprisals....
In the town of Mongo, located 400km east of N'Djamena in the Guera region, the Catholic church is launching the construction of a new cathedral, the final step in order to be elevated to the rank of diocese.
In a country were the majority is Muslim, the many Catholics congregations have had to learn to practice their faith in the respect of other beliefs. In fact, out of a population of around 10 million, the catholics only represent 20,3%. And in the region of Mongo itself, they are only 15.000 out of a population of 1,7 million inhabitants.
According to Father Henri Coudray, curate of Mongo's Church, "The best manner for our people to show that our God is a God for all, is by having a...
While former Liberian president Charles Taylor (1997 - 2003) has just been found guilty of crimes against humanity as well as war crimes by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the entire country has to learn to turn a new leaf and rebuild itself.
From the former headquarters of the Charles Taylor party, today an abandoned building in the middle of the city centre, Monrovia follows the trial of the one who was its president for over a decade and who took an active part in the civil war in neighbouring Sierra Leone.
An autocrat at one point, he now leaves behind a trail of orphans where his loyal subjects once were, wandering the old quarters of the General Service Agency. This place in...
Today in Niger, 400.000 children are at risk of dying from Malnutrition. Endemic poverty, an out of control population growth and severe draught are affecting this sub-Saharan country, on the verge of a major health catastrophe. Also this precarious situation is made worse by the geo political instability of its neighbouring country: Chad, Libya and Mali.
The camp of Mangaize, two hours away by road from Niamey, is already refuge to nearly 3000 people, of whom many are children suffering from malnutrition. Fleeing the Malian rebellion that rife in the neighbouring frontier area, families have left everything behind to find themselves totally helpless before the risk of starvation. The...
In Senegal the albino population has had the proof that their fight against discrimination is far from being over.
Carrying on their shoulder the double burden of being different and having a higher predisposition for skin cancer, the albinos from Senegal also suffer from peopleâ€™s superstitions. At all times, albinos have been the victims of fear and irrationality.
Excluded from society and at times even from their own family, there are very few places where they feel welcomed and accepted.
Mohamadou Bamba Diop, President of the National Association of Senegalese Albinos, owns a shelter in his house in ThiĂ¨s, located 70 km away from Dakar.
Adding to the fear of an already...
Senegal has designated its new president in the person of Macky Sall, whose candidature against Wade was supported by the opposition coalition.
Even though Macky Sall used to be Prime Minister of Abdoulaye Wade, he represented for many the only possible alternative to Wadeâ€™s highly criticized â€“ both on the national and international scene â€“ will to run for a third mandate.
Conflicts in Senegal blemished the announcement of Wadeâ€™s third stint. And if Wade has conceded defeat to Macky Sall, the country expects great changes from their new President and itâ€™s political party.
Religious brotherhoods play a major role in Senegalese society. Spiritually and economically powerful, these groups can act as lobbies and jeopardize the State secularism.
The Mouride Brotherhood, whose spiritual centre is in the city of Touba, 200 kilometres from Dakar, is the most powerful of these religious groups. Groundnuts production and trade are under its control and the brotherhood claims four millions disciples, including outgoing president Abdoulaye Wade. First Mouride president of Senegal, Wade speaks openly of his obedience and uses politically his supports in his community.
Wadeâ€™s declarations donâ€™t go down well with other brotherhoods. The LayĂ¨nes of Dakar, a...
Abidjan Zoo is located on one of the highlights of the fightings that took place in the capital. In the neighborhood of Abobo and Cocody, the place, which looks melancholic and has crumbling equipments, is at the border of the road leading to the police camp of Agban, a strategic location.
Recently, three lions that used to be one of the attraction of the zoo were buried in the shade of ancient trees, creating a feeling of emptiness. In total, there are about forty animals which have perished, leaving only 112 residents. We remember the loss of five camels offered by Gaddafi in the same zoo a year ago.
But after a crisis that has made at least 3,000 dead and tens of thousands...
After four months of a political crisis, the confrontation between the internationally recognized president Alassane Ouattara and the outgoing president Laurent Gbagbo almost led the CĂ´te d'Ivoire and Abidjan to civil war. On April, 11th 2011, the fallen president was arrested in his house by Alassane Ouattaraâ€™s supporters.
Facing a fierce opposition from the FANCI (National Armed Forces of CĂ´te d'Ivoire) supporting Laurent Gbagbo, the Republican Forces had to fight during two weeks in the economic capital before the former president and his last loyal soldiers were finally arrested.
Nevertheless, the new president Alassane Ouattara has another fight lying ahead of him: pacify a...
Since the end of November and the defeat of the outgoing president Laurent Gbagbo against his opponent, the former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara, fears of civil war have risen in Ivory Coast.
The international community supports Alassane Ouattara, and his election, announced by the Independent Electoral Commission, seemed to lead to a changeover of political power, 10 years after the previous elections.
Ouattara only has a few means of action, and has taken refuge in the Golf Hotel in Abidjan.
Outgoing president Gbagbo in fact refuses to admit his defeat, keeping the power, and leading everyday his country closer to a political and diplomatic dead end.
As the international...
Ten years after the last elections, Ivory Coastâ€™s voters are going to elect their new president at the end of October, 2010.
Electoral lists, made by the Independent Electoral National Commission (CENI) will allow 5,7 millions electors to take part in the presidential elections of the 31th of October 2010.
â€śSince the independence, this former French colony, first cacao-producing country in the world, has never had a poll so open and fair.â€ť (AFP)
Lagos, capital of Nigeria, is now paying the prize of the countryâ€™s growth. Banks, telecommunications and oil companies try to settle in the city, making the price of land follow the surge of oil â€“ Nigeria becoming worldâ€™s second exporter to United States.
More attractive than ever, the city of Lagos has now to deal with thousands of migrants, coming from the inland and border countries to gather in squalid shanty towns. One of them, Festac Town, was a symbol of modernity in the 1970s, when it was built. Nowadays, the district no longer provides neither electricity nor running water but only precarious and derelicted housing conditions. As many others, its streets are often...
The Evariste Gallois Jr. High School in Nanterre (a suburb just outside Paris), has developed various initiatives in order to prevent violent behaviours within the school and among students. Working in an area of high unemployment and low social mix, teachers, counsellors and social workers repeat school rules, listen, help and keep on teaching.
Liberia is the world largest rubber producer. However, like many other African countries, Liberia imports old and dangerous used tires manufactured in the U.S, used in Europe and then sold in Africa.
In the middle of this chain is the Harbel hevea tree (rubber tree) plantation, owned since 1926 by the American company Firestone, sole exporter of Liberian rubber to the U.S.
With work conditions reminiscent of the bloody history of the Congo latex exploitation in the 19th century, 10,000 workers cut through the brushwood, make incisions in and treat the 8 million trees of the plantation for $2 a day.
A month-long, 1 400 km journey by railroad to the heart of the Democratic Republic of Congo (ex-ZaĂŻre) from Kindu in the central province of Maniema to Lubumbashi in the southern province of Katanga. We sleep on the train, we live on it, we start on it, we fight on it, we break the law on it, we die on it . Perfect immersion : Africa is on the train ; the train is on Africa .
Â« This railroad line is a line of life, said MichaĂ«l Zumstein, on the return journey. Without the train, Lubumbashi, the countryâ€™s second most populated city, lacks foodstocks and no longer exports pens, dishes, and other manufactured products that now come from China through the Maniema enclave. Â» There are...
Since January 2006, about 50 young Senegalese from Thiaroye's neighbourhood have been lost at sea trying to get to the Canary Islands in dugout.
Getting together mothers who lost their son at sea, the Group of Thiaroye's Women tries to dissuade the young people to leave and risk their life.
Lokichokio is an artificial town, emerging from a no manâ€™s land located in northern Kenya near the Sudanese border.
15 years ago, in this remote â€śFar Eastâ€ť a UN camp was temporarily set up. To give aid to the Southern Sudanese war-wounded, more than 80 NGOs worldwide came to settle, under UN supervision, in this 300-inhabitant village.
Today, the small village has turned into a 25000-inhabitant city, including 300 expatriates. In spite of this gathering of know-hows and facilities, today in Lokichokio, there are only four water wells, no garbage collection and no electricity.
The flurry oh humanitarian aid jumbo-jet punctuate a daily emergency that has been lasting for...
Before me comes chaos... From ZaĂŻre to Congo (2003)
The former dictator Mobutu Sese Seko never ceased to say, Â« Before me comes chaos, after comes the flood. Â» In 1997, after 35 years of power, the dictator was overthrown by a rebellion supported by neighboring Rwanda. But the signs of civil war were already present in the outrageous exploitation of wealth, corruption, and tribal structures.
The pillages, calls to murder, and the ensuing rebellions used the same weapons of the regime they had deposed. Seven African nations became involved in the conflict.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo had created on its soil the Â« first African world war. Â»
In 2003, to set an end to the violence between the Hemas and Lendus in the town...